Economic Evaluation and Rail statistics need reliable data
European transport policies require impact assessments or regular monitoring of implementation and performance. For this there is a strong need for data on rail transport, including infrastructure, rolling stock, freight services, and rail freight performance. At European level, DG MOVE, EUROSTAT and ERA started activities on synergies and streamlining of data in order to avoid gaps, duplication, inaccuracies and inconsistencies. Data is usually provided voluntarily or mandatorily by Member States (Regulatory Bodies, NSAs, or National Statistical Bodies) or the Sector Associations and individual railway actors. The biggest challenge is to find a common understanding on the type of data that is required and an agreement on the type data that can be provided in reality.
On 18th of July 2016, the Council reached an agreement on the amendment of Regulation (EC) No 91/2003 on rail transport statistics, as regards the collection of data on goods, passengers and accidents. The main key issue was the European Parliament request for additional data in particular concerning safety, accessibility and abandoned cross‐border rail points. Most of the data requested being already collected by other Commission services or agencies. A consensus was reached as the signature of two memoranda, one between Eurostat and DG Move and one between Eurostat and the European Rail Agency guarantee that the data they requested are dealt with and will be easily available to the public. The details about the state of play of the legislative procedure can be found at http://eur-lex.europa.eu/procedure/EN/2013_297.
EUROSTAT Working Group on Rail Transport Statistics
EUROSTAT is a Directorate-General of the European Commission located in Luxembourg. Its main responsibilities are to provide statistical information to the institutions of the European Union (EU) and to promote the harmonisation of statistical methods across its member states and candidates for accession as well as EFTA countries. The Eurostat working group brings together Member State Representatives, their National Statistical Authorities, and Representatives of the Rail Sector, DG MOVE and ERA. Statistical data on Rail freight transport are publicly availbale and updated yearly (see Railway freight transport statistics for the actual main statistical findings).
Rail Market Monitoring Scheme (RMMS) Working Group
On July 7 2015 the European Commission adopted an Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/1100 on the reporting obligations of the Member States in the framework of rail market monitoring. This falls part of Art. 15 of the recast of the 1st Railway Package. The scope of data that is collected includes:
- Infrastructure charging for passenger and freight services
- Noise abatement measures: general reporting
- Capacity allocation (provided and rejected) for passenger and freight services
- Infrastructure expenditures including freight terminals
- Revenue from passenger and freight services
- Quality of services
- Degree of market opening for passenger and freight
- Employment and social conditions
- Service facilities
The first set of data according to the new Regulation covering the activities of 2015 is expected to be submitted by Member States to the Commission by 31 December 2016. Along with the RMMS, DG MOVE has set-up together with a group of Infrastructure Managers a high-level platform called PRIME, who is developing infrastructure related Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) on ERTMS, Safety, Punctuality, etc..
ERA Railway Indicators
In the ERA Working Group UIP worked together with other National Safety Authorises and other Associations of the rail Sector to developed and define Railway Indicators, which are to be used to monitor and assess the implementation and practices by ERA and the Sector in the following 4 Strategic areas/activities:
- Harmonised Safety Framework (incl. questions relevant to ECM)
- Removal of Technical Barriers (related to Vehicle Authorisation)
- Single EU Train Control and Communication System (related to ERTMS)
- Simplified Access to Customers (related to TAF, Registers, Data Exchange)
Significance to UIP and our Members
As a key player in the railway system, UIP wants to assure that transport policy is built on accurate, reliable and conclusive data that truly represents the sector, its assets, its performance, and its technical, operational and business needs. UIP takes part in three main working groups: Rail Market Monitoring Scheme RMMS Working Group (DGMOVE), EUROSTAT Working Group on Rail Transport Statistics, Economic Evaluation Working Party at the European Railway Agency. In addition, the UIC publishes also yearly statistics tables on railway traffic, network lengths, number of vehicles covering not only the European but also the entire railway market (http://uic.org/statistics).
In order to support policy-makers in shaping the future of transport policies, UIP is planning to collect aggregated fleet data via its Topical Committee Economic Evaluation. This should allow as well to increase credibility and awareness about the business cases for independent Wagon Keepers and avoid distortions and amalgams in data analysis.
EU Documents of interest
Regulation (EU) 2016/2032 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 October 2016 amending Regulation (EC) No 91/2003 on rail transport statistics, as regards the collection of data on goods, passengers and accidents - November 2016
DG Move - Statistical pocketbook 2016 - Data from 2014 - May 2016
Implementing Regulation 2015/1100 on the reporting obligations in the framework of rail market monitoring - July 2015
4th RMMS report on monitoring development of the rail market - June 2014